Tinjauan Literatur : DIFERENSIASI TUMOR PRIMER TULANG BELAKANG SECARA RADIOLOGIS

Authors

  • Habiba Aurora Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Irma Darinafitri Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya-Rumah Sakit Daerah Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.majalahkesehatan.2019.006.03.7

Keywords:

CT scan, MRI, pemeriksaan radiologi, radiografi, tumor tulang belakang

Abstract

Tumor pada tulang belakang yang terbanyak adalah metastasis, namun tumor primer pada tulang belakang lebih jarang didapatkan. Kesulitan dalam menegakkan diagnosis tumor primer pada tulang belakang karena pada tumor primer memiliki beberapa diagnosis banding serta struktur yang kompleks dari tulang belakang. Ketepatan diagnosis sangat penting untuk menentukan terapi dan mempengaruhi prognosis pasien. Karakteristik tumor secara radiologi sangat membantu dalam mengarahkan diagnosis. Evaluasi secara radiologis didasarkan pada lokasi, matriks tumor, dan usia pasien  Pemeriksaan radiologis meliputi radiografi , CT scan, MRI, angiografi, sidik tulang (bone scintigraphy) serta single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) dan positron emission tomography (PET). Masing-masing modalitas memiliki kelebihan dan kekurangan dalam pemeriksaan. Karenanya penting untuk mengetahui karakteristik dari tumor pada tulang belakang dan pilihan pemeriksaan radiologis yang tepat untuk diagnosis tumor pada tulang belakang. 

Author Biographies

Habiba Aurora, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya

Departemen Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya

Irma Darinafitri, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya-Rumah Sakit Daerah Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang

Departemen Radiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya-Rumah Sakit Daerah Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang

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Published

2019-10-21